General KnowledgeSSC Exam

SSC Exam Paper – Most Common Questions & Answers

SSC Exam Paper – Most Common Questions & Answers, SSC Most Common 2022 Questions an Answers

1. Who built the famous Shiva Temple at Ellora?
[SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO & PA/SA Exam. 2015]
(a) Rashtrakuta Ruler Krishna I
(b) Mauryan Emperor Ashoka
(c) Gupta King Samudragupta
(d) Chalukya King Pulikeshi II

Explanation:  The Kailasa temple at Ellora, Maharashtra, was built in the 8th century by the Rashtrakuta king Krishna I as attested in Kannada inscriptions. This is one of the 34 temples and monasteries known collectively as the Ellora Caves. It is a megalith carved out of one single rock.

2. Name the Republic which was a confederacy of tribes in the fifth century b.c.
[SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO & PA/SA Exam. 2015]
(a) Gandhara
(c) Kosala
(b) Vajji
(d) Avant

Explanation:  Vajji or Vrijji was a confederacy in the 6th century b.c. The rulers of Vajji were a confederacy of the eight clans (atthakula) of whom the Valls, the Licchavis, the Jnatrikas and the Videhas were the most important. It was one of the sixteen Mahajanapadas.

3. Which was the oldest University? (SSC CML (PRE) Exam. 1999 and SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & DP SI Exam. 2014)
(a) Gandhara
(c) Nalanda
(b) Kanauj
(d) Vaishali

Explanation: Nalanda was an ancient center of higher learning in Bihar which was a religious center of learning from the fifth or sixth century c.e. to 1197 c.e. At its peak, the university attracted scholars and students from as far away as Tibet, China, Greece, and Persia. Nalanda was ransacked and destroyed by an army under Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1193.

4. Name the famous King of Kushan dynasty.
(SSC Multi-tasking Staff Exam. 2014)
(a) Kanishka
(c) Harsha
(b) Pulakeshin
(d) Vikramaditya

Explanation:  Kanishka was the most famous emperor of the Kushan dynasty (127–151) who ruled an empire extending from Turfan in the Tarim Basin to Pataliputra on the Gangetic plain and famous for his military, political, and spiritual achievements. He convened the 4th Buddhist Council in Kashmir and provided encouragement to both the Gandhara school of Greco-Buddhist Art and the Mathura school of Hindu art.

5. Which Indian ruler fought the Kalinga War?
(SSC CHEM (10+2) LDC, DEO& PA/SA Exam. 2015)
(a) Samudragupta
(b) Chandragupta
(c) Shivaji
(d) Ashoka

Explanation:  The Kalinga War was fought between the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka and Raja Anantha Padmanabhan of Kalinga in 262–261 b.c. It was the only major war Ashoka fought after his accession to throne. However, it is one of the major and bloodiest battles in world history. The bloodshed of this war is said to have prompted Ashoka to adopt Buddhism.

6. Which one of the following coins was issued in silver during the Gupta period?
(SSC GL Tier-I Exam. 2014)
(a) Kaldni
(b) Nishka
(c) Rupyaka
(d) Dinar

Explanation:  The silver coins issued during the Gupta period were called ‘Rupalta’. These coins were based on Sakas of Ujjaini weighing 32–36 grains. However, according to Fa-Hsien, cowries were the common means of exchange.

7. Name the Greek Ambassador at the Mauryan Court.
[SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC Exam. 2014]
(a) Alexander
(c) Plato
(b) Megasthanese
(d) Aristotle

Explanation:  Megasthanese was a Greek ethnographer and explorer who served as an ambassador of Seleucus I of the Seleucid dynasty to Chandragupta Maurya. His ‘Iridika’, throws light on the contemporary society, religious beliefs and social stratification.

8. Which of the following countries has asked India to return the famous ‘Dancing Girl’ statue from Mohenjodaro?
[SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC Exam. 2014]
(a) Bangladesh
(c) China
(b) Bhutan
(d) Pakistan

Explanation:  The Sindh government of Pakistan in February 2014, requested Islamabad for asking India to return the famous statue of the Dancing Girl, which is in possession of the Indian authorities since 1946. The 10.8 cm bronze statue, made in 2500 b.c., is on display at the National Museum in New Delhi.

9. Who compiled the tales of ‘The Panchatantra’?
[SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC Exam. 2014]
(a) Vairniki
(b) Veda Vyasa
(c) Vishnu Sharma
(d) Tulsidas

Explanation:  The Panchatantra is
attributed to Vishnu Sharma. It an ancient Indian collection of interrelated animal fables in verse and prose arranged within a frame story. The original Sanskrit work, some scholars believe was composed around the 3rd century b.c.

10. The Nalanda University was founded by:
(SSC DP SI Exam. 2012)
(a) Harsha Vardhana
(b) Kumara Gupta
(c) Samudragupta
(d) Chandra Gupta
Explanation:  Kumara Gupta

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11. Who was the mother of Mahavira?
(SSC (10+2) Level DEO & LCD Exam. 2011)
(a) Yashoda
(c) Jameli
(b) Trishala
(d) Mahamaya

Explanation:  Trishala was the mother of Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, and wife of the Jain monarch, Siddartha of Kundgraam, of present-day Bihar. She finds mention in the classical Jain Agamas, the Kalpa sutra, written by Acharya Bhadrabahu (433– 357 b.c.), which is primarily a biography of the Tirthankaras.

12. The first metal used by man was: (SSC Investigator Exam. 2010)
(a) Aluminium
(c) Iron
(b) Copper
(d) Silver

Explanation:  The first two metals to be used widely were gold and copper. The use of copper in antiquity is of more significance than gold as the first tools, implements and weapons were made from copper. From 4,000 to 6,000 b.c. was the Chalcolithic period which was when copper came into common use. By 3600 b.c. the first copper smelted artifacts were found in the Nile Valley and copper rings, bracelets, chisels were found. By 3000 b.c. weapons, tools etc. were widely found. Tools and weapons of utilitarian value were now within society, however, only kings and royalty had such tools; it would take another 500 years before they reached the peasants.

13. The Great Wall of China was built by:
[SSC Multi-tasking (Non-Tech) Staff Exam. 2014]
(a) Li-tai-pu
(b) Shih Huangti
(c) Lao-tze
(d) Confucius

Explanation: Shih Huangti (259–210 BC) was the fi rst ruler to unify all of China. His public works projects included the unifi cation of diverse state walls into a single Great Wall of China and a massive new national road system, as well as the city-sized mausoleum guarded by the life-sized Terracotta Army.

14. Independence movement of Vietnam was headed by: [SSC TA (IT & CE) Exam. 2005]
(a) Ngo Dinh Diem
(b) Zhou Enlal
(c) Pol Pot
(d) Ho Chi Minh

Explanation:  Ho Chi Minh was a Vietnamese Communist dictator who was prime minister (1945–55) and president (1945–69) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Viet Cong (NLF or VC) during the Vietnam War. He led the Viet Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at battle of Dien Bien Phu.

15. Who discovered America? [SSC Multi-tasking (Non-Tech) Staff Exam. 2011]
(a) Vasco-da-Gama
(b) Columbus
(c) Captain Cook
(d) Amundsen

Explanation:  Christopher Columbus completed four voyages across the At-democracy, that the ‘government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth’.

16. The first Atom bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on:
[SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC Exam. 2014]
(a) August 6, 1945
(b) August 9, 1945
(c) August 9, 1946
(d) August 6, 1942

Explanation:  A uranium gun-type atomic bomb (Little Boy) was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. It was followed by a plutonium implosion-type bomb (Fat Man) on the city of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. The twin bombings led to Japan’s surrender in the Second War.

17. Who were the Axis powers in World War-II? [SSC TA (IT & CE) Exam. 2005]
(a) Poland, Japan, Germany
(b) Italy, Japan, Britain
(c) Germany. Italy, France
(d) Germany, Italy, Japan

Explanation:  Axis Powers was the alignment of nations that fought in the Second World War against the Allied forces. The Axis grew out of the Anti-Comintern Pact, an anticommunist treaty signed by Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan in 1936. The Kingdom of Italy joined in 1937. The ‘Rome-Berlin Axis’ became a military alliance in 1939 under the Pact of Steel, with the Tripartite Pact of 1940 leading to the integration of the military aims of Germany and its two treaty-bound allies. At their zenith during World War-II, the Axis powers presided over empires that occupied large parts of Europe, Africa, East and Southeast Asia, and islands of the Pacific Ocean.

18. The immediate cause for the outbreak of the First World War was:
[SSC CML (PRE) Exam. 2001]
(a) The assassination of Arch-duke Francis Ferdinand
(b) The imprisonment of Lenin
(c) The ambition of America to dominate the world
(d) The sudden death of Lloyd George

Explanation:  The World War I was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July, 1914 and lasted until 11 November, 1918. The assassination on 28 June 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, by a Yugoslav nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia was the proximate trigger of the war. It re-sulted in a Habsburg ultimatum against the Kingdom of Serbia.

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19. Who was the first President of South Africa after apartheid? [SSC SI (DP & CAPFs) & ASI (CISF) PRE. Exam. 2016]
(a) Abraham Linclon
(b) Martin Luthar King
(c) Nelson Mandela
(d) None of these

Explanation:  Nelson Mandela was the first President of South Africa after Apartheid. He served as President from 1994 to 1999. He was country first black head of State and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconciliation.

20. Reserve transcription was discovered by:
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 2015)
(a) Beadle &Tatum
(b) Waston & Crick
(c) Temin & Baltimore
(d) Har Govind Khorana

Explanation: In 1970, American virologists Howard Martin Temin and David Baltimore along with Japanese virologist Satoshi Mizutani, working independently, reported the discovery of an enzyme that could synthesize proviral DNA from the RNA genome of RSV. This enzyme was named RNA-directed DNA polymerase, commonly referred to as reverse transcriptase.

21. Infrared radiations are detected by:
[SSC Steno (Grade ‘C’ & ‘D’) Recruitment Exam. 2016]
(a) spectrometer
(b) pyrometer
(c) nanometer
(d) photometer

Explanation:  An infrared detector is a detector that reacts to infrared radiation. The two main types of detectors are thermal and photonic. Bolometers and microbolometers are based on changes in resistance. Spectrometers and pyroelectric detectors are most widespread.

22. The magnitude of current flowing between two end points of a conductor is proportional to the potential difference between them and is called as: [SI (DP & CAPFs) & ASI (CISF) Pre. Exam. 2016]
(a) Ohm’s Law
(b) Lorentz’s Law
(c) Maxwell’s Cork Screw Law
(d) Law of Faraday

Explanation: Ohm’s Law states that the current through a conductor be-tween two points is directly proportional to the voltage across the two points. Ohm’s law is probably the most important of the early quantitative descriptions of the Physics of electricity Ohm’s Law is an empirical law, a generalisation from many experiments.

23. X-rays are:
(SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. 2015)
(a) positively charged particles
(b) negatively charged particles
(c) neutral particles
(d) none of these

Explanation:  Like gamma rays and neutrons, X-rays are electrically neutral. They have neither a positive nor a negative charge. They cannot be accelerated or made to change direction by a magnet or electrical field. In contrast, charged subatomic particles comprise light charged particles (electrons and positrons) and heavy charged particles (protons, alpha particles and heavier ions).

24. ‘Rath Yatra’ at Puri is celebrated in honour of:
[SSC (10+2) Level DEO & LCD Exam. 2011]
(a) Lord Rama
(b) Lord Shiva
(c) Lord Jagannath
(d) Lord Vishnu

Explanation: Ratha Yatra is a huge Hindu festival associated with Lord Jagarmath held at Puri in the state of Odisha. This annual festival is celebrated on Ashad Shulda Dwitiya (second day in bright fortnight of Ashad month).

25. What do the paintings of Ajanta depict?
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 2003)
(a) Ramayana
(b) Mahabharata
(c) Jatakas
(d Panchatantra

Explanation:  The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra are 30 rock-cut cave monuments which date from the 2nd century b.c.e. to about 500 or 600 c.e. The caves include paintings and sculptures considered to be masterpieces of Buddhist religious art, with Buddha figures and depictions of the Jataka tales. The caves form the largest corpus of early Indian wall-painting. The site is a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India, and since 1983, the Ajanta Caves have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

26. Indian first talkie film produced in 1931 was:
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 2015)
(a) Shakuntala
(b) Indra Sabha
(c) Neel Karnal
(d) Alamara

Explanation:  Alam Ara (The Ornament of the World), a 1931 film directed by Ardeshir Irani, was India’s first talkie film. It debuted at the Majestic Cinema in Mumbai on 14 March 1931. The first Indian talkie was so popular that police aid had to be summoned to control the crowd.

27. Kathakali dance form is associated with which State?
[SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO & PA/SA Exam. 2015]
(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Manipur
(d) Kerala

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Explanation:  Kathakali originated in the present day state of Kerala during the 17th century. It is a stylized classical Indian dance-drama noted for the attractive makeup of characters, elaborate costumes, detailed gestures and well-defined body movements presented in tune with the anchor playback music and complementary percussion.

28. National Fruit of India is: [SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC Exam. 2014]
(a) Mango
(c) Apple
(b) Pineapple
(d) Grapes

Explanation:  Mango (Mangifera indica), popularly known as the ‘King of Fruits’, is the National Fruit of India. It is one of the most widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world. There are over 100 varieties of mangos found in India, in different sizes, shapes and colors.

29. Grassroots democracy is related to:
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & DP SI Exam. 2014)
(a) Devolution of powers
(b) Decentralisation of powers
(c) Panchayati Raj System
(d) All of the above

Explanation:  Grassroots democracy is a tendency towards designing political processes involving the common people as constituting a fundamental political and economic group. It focuses on people or society at a local level rather than at the center of major political activity. Devolution and decentralization of power and Panchayati raj system are essential elements of such a system.

30. Indian Penal Code came into operation in:
[SSC SO (Audit) Exam. 2008]
(a) 1858
(b) 1860
(c) 1859
(d) 1862

Explanation:  Indian Penal Code is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code, intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. It was drafted in 1860 and came into force in colonial India during the British Raj in 1862. It has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

31. The first President of independent India was:
[SSC Constable (GD) Exam. 2015]
(a) Dr S. Radha Krishnan
(b) J.L. Nehru
(c) Sardar Patel
(d) Dr Rajendra Prasad

Explanation:  Rajendra Prasad was the first President of the Republic of India. He held the office from 26 January 1950 to 12 May 1962. Prasad was the only president to serve two terms in office. Upon independence in 1947, Prasad was elected president of the Constituent Assembly of India, which prepared the Constitution of India and served as its provisional parliament.

32. The Finance Commission in India is appointed by:
[SSC (10+2) Level DEP & LDC Exam. 2012]
(a) Prime Minister of India
(b) President of India
(c) Chairman of Rajya Sabha
(d) Speaker of Lok Sabha

Explanation:  The Finance Commission of India came into existence in 1951. It was established under Article 280 of the Indian Constitution by the President of India.

33. The outermost layer of the Sun is called:
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam., 2011)
(a) Chromospheres
(b) Photosphere
(c) Corona
(d) Lithosphere

Explanation:  The outermost layer of the sun is the corona. Only visible during eclipses, it is a low density cloud of plasma with higher transparency than the inner layers. The white corona is a million times less bright than the inner layers of the sun, but is many times larger. A corona is a type of plasma ‘atmosphere’ of the Sun or other celestial body, extending millions of kilometers into space, most easily seen during a total solar eclipse, but also observable in a coronagraph. The word ‘corona’ itself derived from the Latin, meaning crown. The high temperature of the corona gives it unusual spectral features.

34. The Grand Canyon is located on the:
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam., 1999)
(a) Colorado River
(b) Rhine River
(c) Tapi River
(d) Niger River

Explanation:  The Grand Canyon is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in the United States in the state of Arizona it is contained within and managed by Grand Canyon National Park, the Hualapai Tribal Nation, and the Havasupai Tribe. President Theodore Roosevelt was a major proponent of preservation of the Grand Canyon area. A number of processes combined to create the views that we see in today’s Grand Canyon. The most powerful force to have an impact on the Grand Canyon is erosion, primarily by water (and ice) and second by wind. Other forces that contributed to the Canyon’s formation are the course of the Colorado River itself, volcanism, continental drift and slight variations in the earth’s orbit which in turn causes variations in seasons and climate.

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